Model-driven types

In the previous section, we defined two types by using Zope schema. In this section, we're going to define a type's fields using an XML model file.

The great advantage of using a model file is that we can prototype the content type in Dexterity's through-the-web field editor, then export the XML model file for incorporation into our package.

XML may be used to do pretty much anything you could do via Zope schema. Many users not already schooled in Zope schema will find this by far the easiest and fastest way to create Dexterity content types.

Adding the type

As in the previous section, we'll use addcontent to add our content type to the project. This type will be for conference presenters.

$ ../../bin/paster addcontent dexterity_content
Enter contenttype_name (Content type name ) ['Example Type']: Presenter
Enter contenttype_description (Content type description ) ['Description of the Example Type']: A person presenting a conference session
Enter folderish (True/False: Content type should act as a container ) [False]: False
Enter global_allow (True/False: Globally addable ) [True]:
Enter allow_discussion (True/False: Allow discussion ) [False]:

Setting the field model

Look in example.conference/example/conference/models/presenter.xml for a bare model file created by addcontent. Let's elaborate it:

<model xmlns:form=""
    <field name="name" type="zope.schema.TextLine">
    <field name="description" type="zope.schema.Text">
      <title>A short summary</title>
    <field name="bio" type="">
    <field name="photo" type="plone.namedfile.field.NamedBlobImage">
      <description>Please upload an image.</description>

The XML name spaces we use are described in the Dexterity XML reference section.

That's all we need! To see why, look in the generated file

from example.conference import MessageFactory as _
from plone.supermodel import model
from zope import schema

class IPresenter(model.Schema):

    """Schema for Conference Presenter content type."""


Note the model.load directive. We'd deleted that when we created schema-driven field sets. Now, we leave it in to automatically load our model file.

Setting Factory Type Information

This part of the process is identical to what we explained for schema-driven type.

Look in the types.xml file in your packages example/conference/profiles/default directory. It should now contain:

<object name="portal_types">
  <object name="example.conference.program" meta_type="Dexterity FTI" />
  <object name="example.conference.session" meta_type="Dexterity FTI" />
  <object name="example.conference.presenter" meta_type="Dexterity FTI" />

For the Presenter type, we have example.conference.presenter.xml:

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<object name="example.conference.presenter" meta_type="Dexterity FTI"

  <!-- Basic metadata -->
  <property name="title" i18n:translate="">Presenter</property>
  <property name="description" i18n:translate="">Conference Presenter</property>
  <property name="icon_expr">string:${portal_url}/document_icon.png</property>
  <property name="factory">example.conference.presenter</property>
  <property name="global_allow">True</property>
  <property name="filter_content_types">True</property>
  <property name="allowed_content_types" />
  <property name="allow_discussion">False</property>

  <!-- schema and class used for content items -->
  <property name="schema">example.conference.presenter.IPresenter</property>
  <property name="klass">example.conference.presenter.Presenter</property>

  <property name="behaviors">
    <element value="" />

  <!-- View information -->
  <property name="link_target"></property>
  <property name="immediate_view">view</property>
  <property name="default_view">view</property>
  <property name="view_methods">
    <element value="view"/>
  <property name="default_view_fallback">False</property>
  <property name="add_permission">cmf.AddPortalContent</property>

  <!-- Method aliases -->
  <alias from="(Default)" to="(dynamic view)" />
  <alias from="view" to="(selected layout)" />
  <alias from="edit" to="@@edit" />
  <alias from="sharing" to="@@sharing" />

  <!-- Actions -->
  <action title="View" action_id="view" category="object" condition_expr=""
      url_expr="string:${object_url}/" visible="True">
    <permission value="View" />
  <action title="Edit" action_id="edit" category="object" condition_expr=""
      url_expr="string:${object_url}/edit" visible="True">
    <permission value="Modify portal content" />

Note that this is addable anywhere.